Elsewhere in the Grand Canyon State

Girl! Arabella! I have so much to tell you!

There is this state in the United States called Arizona, you know the Grand Canyon State. Along with desert and cacti, there are so many Indian Reservations here, and something was going on with water, but we haven’t had trouble getting water. Of course my father understand how much I need to be hydrated. Anyways it’s so amazing, were staying in Phoenix of course. It’s so hot here, but I can take some credit for that, I mean I am a sight to behold how could the weather not change based on my presence? One day as I was sitting on South Mountain above the city of Phoenix, I spotted by my glorious eyes, my bae. As he stepped out his Jaguar, he was dazzling,  he had on some Ray Bans the aviator ones of course, that black Ralph Lauren shirt I got him a few days ago, and some Versace boots. As I read Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.” How could my bae not be rich, he needs to buy me expensive things, I am a queen and should be treated as such. Of course you are one too, but you know I’m in the U.S. Remember Arabella, “Diamonds are a girls best friend.” Did I tell you he was on the cover of Forbes magazine this month?

Anyways we have already been here for a few days, my dads being going to countless business meetings, he keeps talking about reservations and water. The colossal buildings in downtown Phoenix are truly a sight to behold, I mean besides me. At night the dazzling and flashing lights accommodate my selfies for Snapchat and Instagram, not Facebook cause you know that’s for old people. I don’t want my dad commenting how beautiful I am, I hear it enough on a daily basis. I just want to be a simple girl in the world, you know? Of course Arabella if you ever come down over here, I assure you you must stay on the bright side of Phoenix, you may get lost if you go on the sides with boarded up houses, trash on the streets, it’s so dark there. I don’t understand how hard it is to pick up after yourself, apparently they didn’t have the right resources to get the job done. Truly its such a simple fix. We only drove through to get to the Downtown area.

Oh Arabella, I wish you could feel and see the beauty here. There are countless of glittering, radiant geodes, the luscious lavender color looks gorgeous in the sunlight. The cacti, the crystals, Himalayan salt relaxing lamps, bracelets, and earnings! Oh! and by the way the turquoise looks great on my skin, maybe I’ll send you some.

Remember Arabella, life is always good!


S. G


For my creative assignment, I really wanted to focus on important class and political actions we constantly face in our society. Hartly House, Calcutta is a great representation of many problems that although we may not pay attention to still exist today. As we know the protagonist was very egotistical, I rally wanted to recreate that with a sort of materialism that really demonstrated the class gaps. This past March, I was able to visit my grandpa in Phoenix, Arizona one of the main things I noticed as were passing around the downtown area, is on one side there is a major poverty line, and not the other side there is so much wealth. There is a lot of reservation problems, Native Americans are being persecuted because of their land. Sometimes they aren’t even allowed proper access to water. Phoenix is very popular with the tourist despise the fact there are many dangerous areas. Even though I am not from Phoenix, we visit quite often, and we know how the ropes go as if we already live there. Arizona is well known for its gems and rocks, many times people only go for what they can buy. Hartly House, Calcutta really inspired me to take the route of what is really going on. Just like Sophie I only lightly touched on the problems, but at the end of it leaves one with questions about Native Americans and the water situations. There are more important things to talk about besides materialism. As we seen in Sophie’s letters, she was obsessed with the materialistic world , and always failed to see what was really important. This is so relevant to today, it’s pretty disturbing how much people actually don’t care about others besides themselves.

-Viviana Ojeda


Executive Poetry

To Donald, from Freedom

When anger with confined borders

Levitates within the Wall,

And my angelic Donald orders

To tweet at yall;

When I stand freely on this soil,

And liberated by this war,

The demons that make us boil,

There will be another four.


When flowing antifa run wildly round,

with no worry of arrest,

Our eyes consume the societal wound,

Our heart yearns for the countries best;

When the swamp gets murky and deep,

When everyone expects services free,

Quality goods aren’t cheap.

There will be another four.


When the cameras are rolling,

With smiles of joy we laugh,

The youthfulness, colorful, humor,

And glories of my president;

When I shall voice aloud how good

He is, how Great America should be,

Cruel people, seek American blood.

There will be another four.


Stone walls will make protect the state,

Extreme vetting on the terminal;

The path to America is straight

If you are not a criminal.

If I have been prisoned in my anger,

And in my country I am free,

The Don soars like the eagle above,

Enjoy the four more.

To America, Going Republican

Tell me not, (Sweet) I am bold,

That from the tower,

Of my penthouse filled with gold

To international super power.


False, a breaking news story I hate,

The enemy of the people;

And with a haste I underrate

A tweet, a headline, an article.


Yet this harmony is parallel

As our nation becomes secure;

I joyfully ride this carousel,

Because the right is the cure


DEAR Drums of my country! In ruins I found thee

The cold hearted politicians feast quietly on prey

When loudly, my own whistle blowers, unbound thee,

And gave the people victory, freedom, and dismay


The global system working together as one,

has been enslavement of the people:

But eyes in the sky which we can not outrun

The heaven on earth escaped from the steeple


Dear Drums of my country! Farewell to the corrupt,

This great tune wealth is the start of reconstruction

Go, eyes open with encouragement I conduct,

Till released upon those equally worthy of production


If the heart of the patriot, conservative or liberal

Have throbbed glancing at lady liberty

I’d bet they support being backed by shiny mineral.

And may you be saved from drinking bitter tea.


Firstly, my imitation of “To Althea, from Prison” was inspired by Richard Lovelace’s loyalty toward king Charles. For the most part, Charles stood on the side of the common people and tried to protect them. This instantaneously reminded me of a modern situation with the newest successor of power in America, Donald Trump. Lovelace’s setting was speaker is in an English Prison convincing himself that he is freer than ever. Since America is the land of the free I decided to use the setting freedom rather than prison. In the first stanza I took the readers to the political stance of a President Trump supporter. I used words such as angelic, freely, and liberated to show freedom. While using boil. Levitate, and confined to show negative attributes of this American freedom. In my second stanza I continued to show negative attributes of freedom such as domestic terrorist group antifa, the swamp of bad politicians, and the socialist ideologies. In the third stanza I change up the mood with the positive of the somewhat imprisonment of the Trump reign. I continue to show delight towards President Trump as Lovelace frequently does. Each of the last three stanzas are followed by there will be another four. This shows the sentiment of the free society. Lastly, the fourth stanza The successful first term comes to an end and the public enjoys four more years of freedom.

Secondly, my imitation of “To Lucasta, Going to War” was influenced by the honor of war. In my poem I talk about war between political views. For instance, the setting is the Trump in his tower showing its glory of wealth and power. Furthermore, in the second stanza displays the war between conservatives and the liberal misleading news. Third stanza shows the harmony of America as conservatives enjoy the up the ride of Trump presidency. Moreover, I used right wing spectrum to demonstrate the joyful life of a republican in modern times.

Thirdly, my satire of “Dear Harp of My Country” was influenced by the drums of the infantry in the American Revolution. The Irish Harp similarly played an instrumental role in politics and society. I took the opportunity to continue on my policy poetry. In the first stanza I start off with the modern political chaos of America. When the crooked politicians get put on notice by brave media leakers the people are given victory. Moving onto the next stage of darkness in America which is the enslavement of globalism and technology moving toward a medium in which it can govern and spy on people. There is heavens that can stop to globalism. However, like the Irish Harp the American Drum is the expression of freedom. Thus an act of victory has occurred and every American can release the shackles of globalism and celebrate with gold backed currency. A possible short term solution for globalism.

-Dario Lomeli

The Island of Satire

The author leaves Lagado, arrives at Maldonada. Then takes a short trip to Glubbdubdrib.

I arrived at Maldonada with the help of Google Maps. The man at the docks told me that the ships heading towards Luggnagg for an entire month. An entire month! I’ll have to make sure to find a way to charge my phone throughout that time. Another man at the dock told me that I might find it entertainable to go to the island Glubbdubdrib, which if Google is correct translates to Island of Sorcerers or Magicians. When I arrived to the island, the governor was extremely friendly and treated me to a fine feast in my honor. After dinner, the governor told me I was able to call up and shade from the past and talk to them about anything that I would want. The first person I decided to call up was Alexander the Great. Although he only spoke Greek, I was able to understand him and communicate with him through the help of Google translate. Alexander the Great told me that he had died not from poisoning but from alcohol intoxication which astounded me. History had painted him in such beautiful lighting. The next person I called up was Barrack Obama, the 44th President of the United States. I asked him what he had thought about Trump’s campaign and his controversial claims. He then told me that Trump should have stayed quiet about deportation. Obama told me that he had been the president that had deported the most people during his two terms as president. He then also laughed about how people overreacted when Trumped bombed Syria and continued to tell me how he had dropped 26,171 bombs all over the Middle East. Using my calculator app, I calculated that to be seventy-two bombs per day, meaning every hour three bombs were dropped. I was astounded to find all this out about Obama since it was never really brought to light, only his achievements were, such as Obama Care. After trying to wrap my head around everything I had just learned, I decided to call on Winston Churchill. Winston had led Great Britain to victory over Nazi Germany. I had asked him why some saw him as the greatest Britain ever while he was controversial to others. He told me it was because during the Bengal Famine he let four million people starve to death because “they breed like rabbits.” After talking to everyone I finally understood what is was meant by the saying history is written by the victors. I finally understood that historians skew the way we see leaders. They choose to show us how they want us to see them not for who they really were. It’d be better to see people for who they are through literature rather than through history.


I choose to write a parody of a parody. I choose to write about Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift, specifically part three, chapter seven. I chose this section because it was where Gulliver met great men of history and was shown that wisdom does not come with age. It helped undermine great political figures and helped undercut standard learning. In this chapter, Swift was satirizing historians and skewing the view of his political opponents. He also was able to elevate certain people while simultaneously bringing them down. I chose this scene because I felt that the same could be said about our current leaders. Everyone seemed to love Obama and believe he was doing great thing for the country, and I am not saying he didn’t, but I felt as if not everyone really knew everything he did. Ii felt that Trump was getting a lot of heat because of his blatant comments, not protecting him but just saying what I saw. Everyone was outraged by what he said about immigration and deporting people, while Obama was the president that had deported the most people so far. To top it off, the Obama administration was bombing Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, Yemen, Somalia, and Pakistan. He had authorized over ten times as many drone strikes as George W. Bush had. Winston Churchill was also a controversial figure because of his decisions to take no actions to relieve the Indians from their famine has he had believed they had brought it upon themselves. He had also evicted Kenyans from their homes in the fertile highlands of Kenya because he believed that that are should be preserved for the white settlers. I chose to keep the part about Alexander the Great the same to pay homage to the original parody, for it is a great part in my personal opinion. I also tried to modernize it a bit more with the simple added feature of a cellphone because I believe it would be more believable that he was able to communicate with those who spoke different languages because of Google rather than him being a language savant.

-Andres Quezada

Wordsworth of the Modern Day: America, 2017

A Modern imitation of Wordsworth’s poem:

Jefferson! Your declaration has turned against you:

America needs your return; She has become the home of political unrest.

Of corrupted shores: rebellion, terrorism, and insanity,

Seaside, the great country of freedom,

Has revoked her own former glory

Of Democracy. We are our own demise;

Please! Rise from the grave, return to life;

And return us to Freedom, Liberty, and Democracy.

Your writings like a guiding sign, and long forgotten:

You once had a voice that lead to our country’s liberation:

Clear as a cloudless sky, open, unyielding,

So did you wish for this fate,

In regretful acceptance; and yet your heart

At the destruction did not sway.

The City in Political Peril, 2017

For the blog post next Friday (4/21), students will rewrite ONE of the following poems for a contemporary audience: William Blake’s “London,” William Wordsworth’s “London, 1802,” or Percy Shelley’s “England in 1819.”  The goal of this mini creative writing assignment is to mirror or recreate the poem’s formal elements as much as the content, but written for the modern world and its modern readers (your peers as well as the wider online audience).  However, you should also remember that all parodies and imitations pay homage (in a negative or positive way) to an earlier historical and literary moment, and your work should convey the sense of its engagement with another time and place.

Title your recreated poem according to a city or town you’re familiar with, followed by “2017.”  Be daring, creative, and, of course, politically provocative!!!

Please categorize your post under “The French Revolution” and don’t forget to create specific and relevant tags.  The post is due by Friday (4/21) 1pm, but students have the option to revise it until 6pm that day.  And please sign your posts so that your TA, Hannah, and I know who wrote what.  Warning: blank or filler “placeholder” posts submitted after the deadline will not receive a grade!

Extra Credit

The presentation reminded me of the cartoons used for the most recent blog post assignment. In the cartoon, there were two shores, on one shore was the British in a seemingly dire situation due to lack of jobs and multiple political struggles going on at the time. On the opposing shore, an African community is enjoying life. On the British shore, one man attempts to look at the Africans using a telescope to see what is truly going on over there. Naturally the cartoon itself is a statement regarding slavery but, change it ever so slightly and it makes a perfect correlation to the presentation, which was regarding climate change and endangered species.

Turn the British shore into a shore of factories from any part of the world with, say, lumber mills and such along with an extremely tall tombstone with the word “endangered” at the top. It would represent the steady decline of climate across the world due to air pollution and lumber mills cutting down forests, allowing endangered species to die off. On the opposite shore however, which this can be confusing since I said every part of the world could pertain to the factory side, is a bustling forest. In this case it would be the reserve that is under construction in New Zealand as a way of keeping at least part of the island safe from invasive species. On this shore, endangered animals could roam without worry of being extinct and the climate is near perfect. It’s the perfect description of Globalization of companies vs. The fight against climate change.

Transatlantic Abhorrence and Abolitionist “Eyes on the Prize”

Let’s look at Cruikshank’s cartoon of “John Bull taking a Clear View of the Negro Slavery Question !!”

So who is John Bull? He is a personification of England, a reoccurring representation of the country in political cartoons and graphic images. Basically, John Bull is to England, what Uncle Sam is to the United States.

The cartoon is referencing certain abolitionist causes by questioning their ethics and putting into perspective the reasoning behind the abolition movement. Robert Cruikshank is a representation of the tragic depths of disgusting unethical blindness that a man can succumb to. He attempts to enforce the right of slavery by addressing the ethical standards of those who are attacking it. To me, that’s like robbing a bank and then accusing the people that are accusing you of robbing the bank by saying that they’re being paid by the bank. The questioning of ethics in abolition is irrelevant, whatever the reason for supporting abolition completely overrides the atrocity and act of slavery. In the cartoon, Robert Cruikshank shows Barbadoes as a land that is enjoying joy through dancing, when compared to the strife that some citizens of England were experiencing. Oladauh Equiano has else to say.

“Even in the Barbadoes, notwithstanding those humane exception which I have mentioned, and others I am acquainted with, which justly make it quoted as a place where slaves meet with the best treatment and need fewest recruits of any in the West indies, yet this island requires 1000 negroes annually to keep up with the original stock, which is only 80,000. So that the whole term of a negro’s life may be said to be there but sixteen years!”(Ch. 5). Equiano explains the brevity of life in the Barbadoes and explains that it is a small portion of the massive transatlantic slave trade, in which over 10 million Africans were taken from their homes. The slavery in the United States is not discussed or scrutinized in Cruikshank’s pathetic cartoon, and he dismisses the reality of the horrors, which is ironic in that he attempts to explain the blindness of abolition when his morality is the one most at concern with the illustration.

Education helps free the world. Oladauh Equiano’s narrative was a key proponent in abolishing the transatlantic slave-trade. Abolition of the slave trade in Britain helped pave the way for the freedom of slaves In the United States. Abolitionist leaders such as William Lloyd Garrison, who wrote “No Compromise with Slavery”, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe borrowed from the British abolition movement, to express their beliefs and concerns. There are further interesting analyzations that could be formulated in a term paper about the connections of Equiano and his antebellum counterparts. Oladauh Equiano advanced the chain of events leading to more equal rights, and the term “Eyes on the Prize”, refers to the civil-rights movement in the mid 20th century that involved Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, and so many others. Education or the lack thereof is a direct determination in crafting a view of humanity and enables the ability to defend or in Cruikshank’s case, attack it.

– Thomas Pham

The No Trade Clause

In Robert Cruikshank’s political cartoon Great Britain faced chaos all amongst the levels of society. This pro-slavery cartoon attempting to reveal the irony of Britain’s present political chaos. The general irony of the society is the difference between their countries’ distressed situation compared to the joyful country of the Africa. Immediately I related to this political disaster to the current situation with the one of the United States and the debate of “radical Islamic terror”. Like Great Britain, the United States has many elements of disillusion. For instance, the men protesting against slavery are being paid to be out there and appear as a focus the corruption. The East India trading company, essentially funding the protest. This is similar to the United States paid protesters that receive free propaganda to give the impression that they can fix the corruption when in matter of fact they are the most corrupt. Furthermore, the corruption appears on the anti-slavery moment when we examine the young boys signing the petition. I made the connection to the United States Democratic Party and how they garnered votes from non-citizens to help out their cause.
“Soon after this the blacks who brought me on board went off, and left me abandoned to despair. I now saw myself deprived of all chance of returning to my native country, or even the least glimpse of hope of gaining the shore, which I now considered as friendly; and I even wished for my former slavery in preference to my present situation, which was filled with horrors of every kind, still heightened by my ignorance of what I was to undergo.” (p.30) In this Equiano quote, we can interpret the confirmation of chaos and corruption in the colonialist nations. Equiano shows that corruption of the African slave trade left blacks feeling betrayed by their native country. Equiano references the friendly shore of African which confirms the political cartoons’ depicted shore. Furthermore, the African shores are much less chaotic then the colonial shores that Equiano wished for his former slavery in African rather than the horrors of the Great Britain. .

-Dario Lomeli

Conversion for a second

In Phebe Gibbes Hartly House, Calcutta we encounter the repetition of great English writers that influence the transition of the English language in their own time; they are presented by Sophia who is herself presented at a transition point in her life; entering adulthood at age 16. While at the same time explores far outside the horizon of her English cultural world. She sets foot in a forbidden world, being a part of a family that owned the East India company; she was able to travel outside of England. Letter XXVI, Sophia begins to complain to Arabella about religion “ashamed of the manners of modern Christianity… I am become a convert to the Gentoo faith” (190-1). This seems all in attempt to persuade Arabella that she is in fact learning something about the Indian people, such as their religion and how they seem to be more humble than those that are in the Christian believe. Although she is somewhat of a hypocrite, and ignorantly uses the word Gentoo, which is somewhat of a slang at this time period. But does a sudden shift in a talk about going to a theater and expressing the fact that she wished to be back in England.

English is a powerful tool, in one instance it seems that Sophia attacks the Christian faith but as soon as politics kick in (which was seem to be influenced by the theater as talked about in lecture) she reverted back to her state of national pride which proofs to be stronger than her religious beliefs “politics again!…in a country where so large a number of its inhabitants dare to deny her soul… o how I at this moment wish my self in England!” (195). Because it seems that the Indian people don’t seem to appreciate the or enjoy the theater the way she does.

In letter XXVII, Sofia continues to express how privileged she is to be attending the theater and vainly say’s it “will be honoured with [her] presence” (195). She holds herself in a high pedalstone This alone is She continues to add that the theater and how the whole event will be present with European culture, exhausting the English culture after the admiration parade she threw for the Indian religious beliefs.

Sophia is blinded by the England culture of the English language, that just like she holds herself high, she holds the English language at a high standard vaguely references John Milton’s Paradise Lost “Not of themselves the gay beauties can please/ We only can taste, when the heart is at ease” (196). It is ironic that Sophia uses the works of John Milton who was an elitist and promoting the English language to be sacred, not only to knowledge but to religion. Sophia is blinded by her arrogance to be right on both sides of the cultural spectrums baffles the reader but also makes her comical yet in a paradoxical way, sophisticated as she proofs to have knowledge of the greats writer John Milton, who made his own contribution to the English language. In this letter she is showing her true colors. Although she wants to show sympathy for the people of India and their culture, she is taken a bite out of the apple of sin.

Enrique Ramos

Full of herself

In Phebe Gibbes’s Hartly House, Sophia refers to Swift within her letters. Just like Gulliver, Sophia does not care about anything or anyone other than herself. They both cannot see the political events that are happening around them. Colonial blindness at its finest. Sophia went to India to meet up with her father and there they were supposed to bring European essence to the country. Instead, Sophia writes to her friend, Arabella, talking about how amazing she is and disregards the country she is in. In letter 5, she said “historical anecdotes are not compatible with either the taste or leisure of a fine lady at Bengal”. Her adventures in India was more important to her than everything else. She also said she will “spare myself the drudgery, as well as the disgrace, of exercising my pen thereon”. The way she talked about history shows that she does not care about it at all. She thought it was too much trouble to write and even harder for Arabella to read. Also at the end of letter 5, Sophia knows that Arabella will “marvel at my reading and literary talents”. What literary talents when all she can talk about is herself?

Sophia and Gulliver are both so into themselves that they do not see the big issues with what they are saying. In letter 37, Sophia calls herself “so brilliant, so divine, a spectacle – am so dazzled, and so captivated” and then goes on to compares herself “like Gulliver in the land of Lilliput, find all the objects around me so diminutive and so mean, that I overlook and disregard them at every point”. They disregard the issues that is surrounding them and make up their own little fantasies. Gulliver denied himself that he was like the Yahoos and then goes on to humanize the Houyhnhnms even though they are not humans. The Houyhnhnms live on an island that isolates them from the rest of the world which caused them to base their society on reasoning. They know of no evils and cannot fathom the meaning of evilness. Also, they do not have any political and/or ethical views because they live in a utopia that overlooks all issues. Gulliver wants a society that has a rational approach to fixing the Yahoos (humanity).

-Naomi Van