6th Email to Arabella

To: Arbby102@mail.com                                                                  Reply  ⇒    Mark as Spam  χ

From: Sophia102@mail.com

Subject: I have no signal (that’s why I’m emailing you)

Hey, I had no idea how I would tell you all this information in one single text message, I tried but I had no signal (and I have AT&T why am I paying so much for zero signal)  so I decided to email you instead. Brace yourself for this will be a long email. I will be detailing my stay in the beautiful city of Los Angeles. The lifestyle here is truly basic so basic that I might even run out of things to write; there is no time for spa days, gym days or vacations in a place where day to day work is so important.

The family that is hosting me usually prepares breakfast at 9:00am. Since I can’t stand being alone I am waiting at the table at 8:00 am. I usually pretend to do homework but in reality have nothing to do. Mrs. Hartly is up to date on all the drama and I live for that. I am so glad that I have things in common which such respectable people. It is much different than the crowd you’re used too being around.

The fashion here begins with tank tops much like the city we are from  (by the way they do not wear waist trainers here) they carry large purses with those cotton candy like keychains attached to them and  huge sunglasses that cover about half their face they do however keep up  with all the new trends(highlighting, countering you name it):however, there is nothing more you can add. The fashion here deserves to be on the cover of the Daily Mail on Snapchat, this is expected though, once I tell you that in the morning the men here come visit at random times (they wake up early to ride their Chevy Cameros ). I cannot remember the last time we had breakfast without any visitors —they flirt so much they seem so honest it’s obvious they don’t lie and honestly they can warm any girl’s heart. I know few of them have noticed me, especially some millionaires. I expected them to be interested in a girl  with potential like me. Not, you, but a pretty girl dressed in a white maxi dress, jewelry, and all that good stuff that is super pretty.

You probably think, that, in this happy and draining place women don’t care about the industry: but guess what? you’re wrong because the women here are so into designing it’s their hobby.

At around noon we have brunch which basically consists of everything you’d see at a Thanksgiving dinner, after eating everyone does their own thing and gets dressed for the day. Every one here is important and wealthy it is unfortunate that you won’t be able to experience anything like this…thankfully you have me and I can describe it to you.

The hairstylist makes everyone look so good and those who don’t want to have their hairstyles wear cute caps that create a sporty yet chik look (caps are in style right now). Caps can be paired with denim, leggings and even shorts. In terms of hair color Ombre and Balayage are so popular right now. The transitioning of hair colors is so beautiful; in my opinion natural hair is better but considering hair styles change so quickly it would be impossible to keep  the hair natural. Since you don’t attend these social events it is easier for you.

When I first got here around 3pm which is the time I usually get here, the visitors where in the patio where the outdoor lights are set up. The place is furnished with expensive leather designer couches. I know you’re used to sitting in folding chairs, but here hanging out is a big deal. There are so many important people here. I got to meet many congressman who are very influential many of them own properties in different countries you’ve never even heard about.

Well Arbella I have to go, I’ll text you later (if signal permits) I am sending a few pictures of the makeup, clothes and hair I saw here which I am assuming you’re unfamiliar with.

To Potential Readers,

This excerpt was my attempt of recreating some aspects of the novel Hartly House, Calcutta by Phoebe Gibbes. I focused on letter VI from Sophia to Arabella in the novel but also included various quotes that highlight Sophia’s feeling of being superior. I decided to add some humor to this letter to further emphasize the way Sophia overlooks all situations. Her sense of entitlement prevents her from looking at the “bigger picture” in every letter she writes.  Thomas De Quincey’s hypothesis regarding “the literature of power,” which, for him, cannot be reduplicated, imitated, or parodied without losing its force to move readers emotionally might be significant for some pieces but in this piece I challenge that statement by writing an imitation of Letter 6 in the form of a parody. I attempted to keep the same format and some of the “formal” language. Sophia uses a lot of run-on sentences and loves using commas. I did that in most of the e-mail. I believe that stylistic choice helps show how eager Sophia is to show off the lavish lifestyle she is living. My imitation payed homage to the letter and novel in a negative way because it shows how superficial  and arrogant Sophia is. For example in the letters she references people such as Shakespeare even though she do not directly engage or analyze his work. In my modern imitation I included refrences to congressmen and millionaires because they can be seen as important people in modern society. In my imitation Sophia simply mentions those important people but is not directly associated with them, but they still make her feel superior to Arabella. Stylistically I wanted to keep many similarities used in letter VI for example I looked up the definitions of “fashionable undress”, “clothing stays”,” “white muslin”, “repast”,  and”girandoles”. Once I looked at pictures and definitions of those words I tried to substitute them with words that are more common in modern time. I believe that including a close meaning of those descriptive words   helped keep some form of originality even though the imitation was a parody.


-Luz Zepeda


The Harp is the Irish Heart

The harp was a crucial part of Irish identity. As stated in Harpspectrum.org

“Every moment in the history of the tradition was characterized by an impulse to save the tradition and drive it forward, and its survival was largely due to the ingenuity and versatility of Irish harpers to adapt constantly to social and cultural changes”

This is a very important detail to know because without the Irish people’s immense effort to preserve the harp tradition the instrument would have been long forgotten.  This is similar to many native languages that are forgotten after generations adapt to American culture. The harp is a symbol of the endurance Irish culture had.

In “Dear Harp of My Country” by Thomas Moore the first sentence tells a tale of darkness that once existed. That is evident by the words “Dear Harp of My Country! in darkness I found thee” this may be referring to the suffering the Irish endured when the English were in control.  In the second stanza there is a line that states “The cold chain of silence had hung o’er thee long” I believe this can refer to the silence that dominated the Irish when they were discriminated against. in a sense the harp made the beautiful music and noise they could not.

Another line in the poem states “Have waken’d thy fondest, thy liveliest thrill” By stating that it is evident that the Irish were in despair and they harp brought immense happiness to their lives. in keeping the harp tradition alive they were also keeping their hope alive.  That it why the harp was so significant to them.

In the third stanza personification is used as well in the line “Go, sleep, with the sunshine of Fame on thy slumbers” It is as if Ireland is telling the harp that it;s job is now done and that after helping Ireland so much it can finally go to rest. This is further developed at the end of the poem  when it appears as if the narrator is telling the harp that Ireland is better. That is concluded by the phrase “DEAR harp of my Country! farewell to thy numbers” where the narrator (who represents Ireland) is saying goodbye to the harp. An interesting aspect of this farewell is that it is very similar to the introduction of the poem. This could mean symbolize a new beginning for the Irish. Essentially the harp was at one point the heart of Ireland.

-Luz Zepeda

Orosi 2017


The poem I choose to mirror is William Wordsworth’s London 1802. In the poem I will discuss the idea of the town I was raised needing a mayor and leadership just as Wordsworth  states that Milton was needed in London.



Mayor! Where are you? where is he when you need him?

This town has been long forgotten

and the agriculture now  smells of rotten

All children are promised an equal opportunity

the case is different for a struggling community

In the summer pick ,pick, pick, cotton

Many fail to see the unity Its’s within

With proper leadership changes of success would not be as slim

Mayor when will you make your entrance

the town lacks leadership

Someone needs to step it up and steer this ship

Oh come help us!

Bring back the orchard essence

There are far too many issues, all too difficult to discuss



-Luz Zepeda





Thin Line Between Romanticism and Death


The painting  titled, The Abby in the Oakwood(1808-1810) by Caspar David Friedrich can serve as a visual representation for the poem “The Thorn”(103). The poem begins stating that there is a thorn that is described as very old, after that it is described as “Not higher than a two years’ child” which automatically brings in the image of a small child that the narrator (maybe a women) would have had. It then proceeds to describe the thorn as “t stands erect this aged thorn” at this point it related to the photo because there are many tree that are standing up straight as described. Perhaps the most relevant aspect of the photo is the graves that appear in that gloomy photo. In those graves there could be a grave of a child that is being described in the poem as a thorn.  A grave that perhaps has a small child buried underneath.  In the second like of the second stanza it states “and hung  with heavy tufts of moss” which can mean that the mother hung her child.

Essentially this can be a description of the way she sees her child now that the child is dead and buried. She described the thorn with such compassion that it seems as if she admired it before with can have a connection to the dead child. The fact that the picture seems to be a haunted cemetery adds more to the comparison with the poem because it can mean that the mother feels bad about what she did and does not want to visit the child now that the child is buried.  The last line of the second stanza states “To bury this poor thorn forever”  which then seems as if she is addressing her child as a “poor thing” which alright emphasize the fact that she felt bad and potentially killed the child as stated earlier. The use of a thorn in order to describe the child relates to romanticism because it is describing the beauty of nature even when it is dead.

On stanza five there is a play of the use of colors and that is stated in the first line of the stanza which is ” “Ah me! what lovely tints are there! Of olive green and scarlet bright…Green, red and pearly white” although in the painting there  are no such colors there is fog that obstructs the view form anything beyond the cemetery yard which forces us to focus on the beauty that once was rather than on the beauty that is. Which is the same with literature, we are focus on analyzing these poems which are the modern form of literature involving romanticism.

-Luz Zepeda

Romanticism (and suspense) on Board

Iron Maiden’s heavy metal version of Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” is like Romantic poetry due to the imagery, and figurative language. Both the poem and song contain characteristic that would label them as romantic poetry. In stanza twelve the scenario around the ship is described as having “Sloping masts” which means it was at a slope angle as if it were sinking if. That is a very sorrow image because it is as if the ship were about to sink down this is vivid imagery because it gives the reader a view of how “distressed” the ship was. This helps set the tone for the poem.  In the next line the words “who pursued with yell and blow” add more to the haunting and dark image. Since the storm that is taking place is adding to the dark it is even worse that the ship is being followed by its “foe” or enemy as the storm is described.

It is interesting that the song includes the lyrics “The mariner kills the bird of good omen. His shipmates cry against what he’s done. But when the fog clears, they justify him. And make themselves a part of the crime.” This correlates with the idea (in lecture note 8) of romanticism deepening the appreciation for   the weird, the occult, the monstrous, the diseased and even satanic which is the same feeling the song evokes when speaking about “good omen” even though there may be a contrast between the good and bad omen there is still an appreciation for the supernatural.

The words “and forward bends his head”  in the poem are highlighting  the stress the ship is feeling because of the toll the storm is taking on it. This is personification because it is obvious that the ship cannot have human characteristics.   However, on the last sentence is is explained that the ship is moving forward, “The ship drove fast, … aye we fled “which is a characteristic of hope which both aligns with the ideas of romanticism being imaginative and spontaneous because it was spontaneous that after the gloomy scene present in both the poem and song the ship was able to speed away especially with the way the ship’s surroundings were describe din the song as described in the song  “water water everywhere” in the song makes it seems as if the people in the boat are trapped, although it is obvious that there is water everywhere the repetition create a a haunting image.

When the song begins it has very upbeat sound, after a while however the tone changes and it speeds us as if emphasizing that the time is passing by which builds suspense. Shortly after that there is a moment that is silence as if the song were about to end. After the silence the song keeps going but at a faster speed, therefor it aligns very well with the romanticism and flow of the poem.


 -Luz Zepeda


Paint the View for Everyone

The photograph is showing the horrible and tragic decision of slave owners; this is evident by the children who are signing papers. It is obvious that the children are not 18 there fore they are not considered adults (at least in the US). The man holding the telescope is locking the view from others. He is blocking the view of the bright water, and the people in the island. There are also people on the floor their clothes looks very dirty and toen however, they are not being used as slaves. I believe the picture is sending the message to others that says something along the live son how different and beautiful the world would be if everyone was free. I believe this is due to the fact that the illustrated imagine shows a not so pretty side therefore it makes the viewer imagine what the world would be like if it were the opposite way.

This can be a reason why some agree it is anti slavery and others agree that it is pro-slavery. It can make many aware of the situations that are happening, not just adult suffer but also children. If they see someone older doing something then they will do the same thing even if it is a bad decision. In this picture we see different kinds of people and they are all either in the boat or outside of it. Similar  to howl people have the same options of accomplishing things but not all of them can due to the lack of resources.

In Equiano’s narritve he rferres to his slaves as “poor slaves”  (193) this is very horrible for him to say as he should support them not degrade them.

-Luz Zepeda

All About Sophia



In Phebe Gibbes’s  Hartley House Sophia references many authors. In letter XXXI Sophia references Irish writer Sir Richard Steele, she states:

 “The pleasant Lover is a piece I read with displeasure (at least some scenes of it) and behold represented with disgust Sir Richard Steele is in general both a chaste and a moral writer; —and how such a character could be capable of drawing, with all its outré licentiousness about him, is to me a problem beyond the power of present age to resolve” (228).

By analyzing this quote it is evident that Sophia feels entitled to not only critique literature as if she is very experienced in that field, it may be possible even at a young age, but by examining the context of the quote she is more than likely finding another thing to complain about. In the last part of the quote she states “is to me a problem” in a sense she admits that it is simply something that bothers her and nothing else. Following the quote she proceeds to insult Arabella by stating “I assure you it is not my fault that you are not better informed” (278), she says this because Arabella tells her that every letter she has sent her is simply telling “anecdotes” and “descriptions of Calcutta” Sophia then proceeds to tell her that she has done everything she can to try to entertain her with her letters but in reality she has simply stated how privileged she feels to be able to visit a place in which she feels superior. To make matters worse she then proceeds to do the same thing and brag about the luxuries she gets to enjoy. She simply blamed Arabella for not being entertained and proceeded to write letters in the same exact style she had been before. Again, why does she feels the need to critique other published writers when she cannot even entertain her own friend with the letters she writes?

This further proves the fact that Sophia believes she is not only better than the Indians but also those who have written well-known works. So for those of us critiquing her work…yes I think she’d tell them they are wrong just as she told Arabella. So based on her letters she is not only i more important than others because she has traveled she is also a great writer even though others think otherwise.

Sophia portrays a very arrogant character that only gets worse as time passes. She proceeds to believe she is the center of attention. She has yet to realize that she does not actually become more open-minded while traveling but rather the opposite because instead of focusing on the hard work the Indian people are doing she chooses to focus on the glamorous aspects instead. Most of the glamorous lifestyle she is living will most likely never be experienced by Indian people who are doing the hard work. She enjoys describing the shiny materialistic things she comes across while completely deeming the rest as unimportant.

-Luz Zepeda








Same Criticism Different Approach

Both Johnson and Macaulay have criticism to offer both do it in a different way, In “A Dictionary of the English Language” by Samuel Johnson states that he finds the English language to be “without order and energetic without rules…every species of literature has itself…choice was to be made out of bundles variety, without any established of reflection…without suffrages of any writers of classical reputation or acknowledged authority (2).  This quote demonstrates that Johnson believed there could be improvement of the English language. He uses many words to describe what is wrong with the English language which is a bit contradictory to his way of writing because he does have a variety of words to choose from hence all the ones he has included.

As seen in the video the English language has developed over time with the influence of other countries and people. Over time there has also been stricter rules about both language and grammar. An example can be MLA handbooks that are often updated with new rules something which Johnson would have approved of.

The following quote is from Minute by the Hon’ble T. B. Macaulay,

“All parties seem to be agreed on one point, that the dialects commonly spoken among the natives of this part of India contain neither literary nor scientific information, and are moreover so poor and rude that, until they are enriched from some other quarter, it will not be easy to translate any valuable work into them.  It seems to be admitted on all sides, that the intellectual improvement of those classes of the people who have the means of pursuing higher studies can at present be affected only by means of some language not vernacular amongst them (8).

It is evident that Macaulay believes that the natives are not advanced when it comes to language, he is also a lot ruder about addressing this. When compared to the language Johnson used it is obvious that Macaulay underestimated their literature abilities. The fact that the natives of India did not focus on literary or scientific information does not make it less valuable at all. Language itself is artwork and should be valued. There are people who are not capable of writing stories that will be published but they can be just as good. Scientific information is also not something that measures the advancement of quality of a piece of writing.

The main point both authors were trying to emphasize is that the English language can always be improved. Could they have used a different way of expressing that? Yes.English was used as a weapon for imperialism by telling other that if they knew english they were already more advanced than they were before.  Due to this English language became more popular and were shamed if you didn’t speak it. This is still true today because English is one of the most popular languages therefore the influence of these authors did influence other people’s thoughts.

-Luz Zepeda

Houyhnhnms (Not Human’s Example to Follow)

I disagree with the statement “Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels suggests that human kind would be happier if it could think and behave the way the do”. Although Gulliver does seem to enjoy living among the Houyhnhnms he is not entirely happy as he believed he was.

I believe Gulliver believes he is happier with the Houyhnhnms it is because he simply sees the positive in the Houyhnhnms and begins to judge the Yahoos as soon as he sees them.  As he states “Their shape was singular, and deformed, which a little decomposed me” (207). He is beginning to judge them as soon as he sees them which is something many many humans tend to do often without realizing it.

Throughout this page he repeats the word “hair” four times all describing them. The fact that they had hair seemed to bother him which is of course weird because his species(humans) Homo Sapiens of course also have hair and even if he does prefer Houyhnhnms they are horses after all so they are also covered in hair and have long tails which are made of hair after all. He also explains that the Houyhnhnms were “orderly and rational, so acute and judicious” (209) this statement ends up being extremely ironic because at the end of his stay he is essentially kicked out for no reason other than other’s people’s opinion about him, he never harmed anybody. Still, even when they kicked him out he still seemed to want to go back to them which is unreasonable of him.  When introducing himself to the Houyhnhnms he describes himself as a “poor distressed Englishman” (210). I find this statement extremely misleading because what should have been include in this chapter is him telling them that he made the choice to travel even though he previously had unpleasant experiences. He could have simply stayed home with his wife and kids but once he met the Houyhnhnms he saw the flaws humans had and refused to live among them but even though he did not desire to live with his family he could have used better words that didn’t degrade them considering he was part of human culture himself.

Essentially Gulliver is simply disgusted with the nature and greediness of humans. He is also guilty of that because he did not think his life was well enough even with his wife and kids, he was searching for more hence the travels he insisted in taking part in. I believe that the main theme here is moving on and by that I don’t mean overcoming and obstacle but the example of how fast human beings (or other beings) move on. Although Gulliver seemed to settle in all the places he stumbled upon some exploited him for tricks other welcomed him, they all seemed to became bored of him after having him for some time. I do not think it would be ideal for humans to live like Houyhnhnms because it did not end well for Gulliver who was kicked out by them. They also live life very simply which is something Gulliver would not have enjoyed that given that he decided to leave his wife and children to look for more adventures. Although Gulliver might have thought the Houyhnhnms lived an ideal lifestyle he was ignorant to the harm that would be bestowed upon him. He was in deniel because they treated him better than others did. He should have strived to be the best human he could be, not the best Houyhnhnms he could be (which he was not).


-Luz Zepeda






Do Two Wrongs Make a Right? or Does One Wrong Just Stay as that?

Do two wrongs make a right? More importantly why do so many people not consider the treatment of Mary Rowlandson and her family’s misfortunes to be as unfortunate as the inhumane treatment towards the Natives? Often referred to as “The American Genocide/Holocaust”. Perhaps it is due to the innocence of the Natives whose land was savagely conquered, yes the Natives were savagely conquered and NOT “the Natives were savagely”. After the discussion in class I could not help but compare this situation to another situation in which the question of right or wrong, and sympathy for some human beings came into question it has caused an immense controversy and has led to various articles and documentaries. In 2003 when the US and Iraq war began both members of the United States Army and the CIA tortured and violated the right of prisoners in the Abu Ghraib prison located in Iraq. The prisoners where physically and mentally harmed and then photographed for the sick entertainment of guards. If this were US prisoners would there have been more media attention? Hence the Standford experiment that was conducted in the US it is extremely popular but the study did not include actual prisoners nor guards.

Why is it that the Bush administration decided to pass these treatments as “isolated cases” and why is that since they are not US citizens they are not protected by the same law that apply to US citizens. It does not make sence that some US citizens can be protected but at the same time are capable of committing those same crimes against those who are not protected. Some of the people who took part in such abuse only spent a short time in prison or where not charged at all. This significantly applies to Mary Rowland’s narrative because the unjustified treatment of the Natives will not ever be forgotten no matter what the US does to “mend” the situation. In a more recent stand on this topic rapper Jay-Z’s “No Church in the Wild” includes the lyrics “Lies on the lips of priests, Thanksgiving disguised as a feast” which is exactly what is still remembered every day on Thanksgiving day. The mentioning of religion in those lyrics also applies to Mary’s religious beliefs, what would God think about the what Natives were treated? In the article, “Why We Shouldn’t Celebrate Thanksgiving”  by Robert Jensen, Jensen makes an interesting comparison that asks what the difference would be if the Germans decided to have a holiday after the holocaust, would it still be celebrated today? This question is significant because there have been several comparisons to these two genocides in class. After all there were hundreds of Natives who were murdered.

Mary Rowlandson’s narrative confirms the history of intolerance and genocide.Yes Mary Rowlandson does “change her opinion”  (and I put this is quotation marks we we cannot truly be sure if she did change her mind) about the Natives but that does not alter the fact  that she thought of them as savages when the Natives has to endure the same treatment and were considered inferior. In the First remove where she is first taken captive her thoughts are “Now away we must go with those barbarous creatures” she does not address them as creatures but animals. As John Locke stated in The Second Treatise on Government “we have the same abilities, and share in one common nature, so there can’t be any rank-ordering that would authorize some of us to destroy others, as if we were made to be used by one another” and “So that all men may be held back from invading the rights of others and from harming one another”(4).Although Locke was referring to white men as the subject of this piece, if applied today it would certainly apple to everyone. Taking these statements into consideration according to the Natives should not have been harmed the question that many have is if Mary Rowlandson  is also a victim of the same aggressions or if she deserves sympathy.

It is extremely important that these narratives are read because we need to realize that this inhumane treatment has happened in US history and is not often given the importance it deserves. On a final thought, there is currently a lot of controversy with immigration and deportation. Many believe immigrants workers are not needed in the United States or that all illegal immigrants are here to cause harm. The is no easy way to citizenship, immigrants have tried to obtain citizenship but it is almost impossible. Immigrants are needed. Have we already forgotten about the Bracero Program ? (1940’s-1960’s) when  Mexican immigrants were hired to work for the US during workers shortages during World War II .Braceros worked for extremely low wages  often 12hrs per day, were often not allowed to have brakes and were forced to remove all their clothing and were then sprayed with a dangerous pesticide (DDT that is now banned in the US). They were deducted ten percent of every paycheck  by the US a ten percent they had to fight to obtain back which they did not receive entirely.  Where is the rest of their hard earned money why did the U.S supposedly pay the entire amount to Mexico and after that they were not held accountable? This inhumane treatment to minorities and people of different ethnicities and religion has always occurred and it is important to be aware of it. History repeats itself.

Jensen, Robert. “Why We Shouldn’t Celebrate Thanksgiving.” Alternate.org. Alternet, 21 Nov. 2007. Web. 15 Feb. 2017.

-Luz Zepeda